The w.w.t. (Wildfowl & Wetland Trust) Visit Guadalén reservoirs and Giribaile – Day 3

The w.w.t. (Wildfowl & Wetland Trust) Visit Guadalén reservoirs and Giribaile – Day 3

Friday 19 November. Last day of Matthew Simpson’s visit to Ubeda.

Today we went to see two reservoirs north of the city. Reservoir and Giribaile Guadalén. Two important wetlands, where we can find a diverse bird community.Waders such as Little Ringed Plover, Common Sandpiper, stilts. Ducks such as the spoon, Mallard, Gadwall, teal. For several years, you may also see an exotic bird that has found ideal conditions to settle here. Nile goose. There is a small group that almost certainly from a nearby farm from which they escaped, because it is a docile bird that breeds well in captivity.

There is also an important breeding colony of mixed cormorant, heron, gracilla egret, large egret and heron, in a small forest in the Guadalén tarays.

A group of recent Sandgrouse of the province (bird very low steppe) are also found in these two reservoirs. And tarays forests that surround the bank, are magpies, flocks of finches, Shrike and Southern Africa, and for some years, common black-shouldered kite, a small prey in the process of expansion.

It is also a wintering area and migration durantela resting and feeding of many birds, such as laughing gulls, yellow-legged, dark, white stork, black stork, booted eagle, short-toed eagle, hawk …

But the reason to bring Matthew there was to know your opinion on a possible breeding osprey in these reservoirs. The Osprey is a species wintering in the interior of the peninsula, frequenting dams, lagoons. Every year, 1-3 eagles spend the winter here, arriving in October or early November and leaving the area in spring.

After an inspection of the area, Mr. Simpson applauded these reservoirs, as in his opinion, conditions are very suitable for settlement of the kind: lots of food, large trees to build their nests and little humanized environment.

During the migratory can see the osprey at any point of the Iberian peninsula, but in the last two decades the winter has been increasing. Use indoor aquatic habitats (lakes, reservoirs, etc..) And marshes with good availability of prey. One of the major wintering areas is the community of Andalusia, where winter has been estimated that between 180 and 200 individuals (Sayad, 2008), mainly in the provinces of Huelva and Cadiz. In other towns and provinces have also been observed wintering birds: the Ebro delta, Palencia, reservoir Santillana (Madrid), Asturias, Cuenca, Toledo, Badajoz, Huesca, El Hondo (Alicante), etc. (Sanz, 1997).

Today, the only pair nesting in Andalusia, it is in ambient and substrate typical of the populations of northern Europe in the continental interior (inland) and in trees, electrical towers and artificial nests.

In 2008 the Spanish population consisted of 31 couples: 14 in the Canary Islands, 15 in Balearic Islands, one in Andalusia and in the islands Chafarinas.

We believe that the establishment of breeding pairs in the interior provinces of Andalusia, Jaén, would serve as a bridge between the peoples of northern Europe and the Balearic and Canary Islands and North Africa, thereby increasing the likelihood of farming on the Andalusian coast .

Already on their way to Ubeda, near the town of Guadalén, we stopped a moment in an olive grove with a crew of harvesters in full fatigues. Something that here we are accustomed, but which caught the attention of our guest who wanted a souvenir to take some pictures.

At 12:00, we received the Mayor of Ubeda ayuntamieto, Marcelino Sanchez, to meet Matthew and a small value of the work he had done these three days.

An hour later we said goodbye to our English friend, who was heading to Manchester to catch your flight back to England.

We are confident that his visit was very fruitful in terms of good expectations for the conservation of these wetlands. We hope that his stay in Jaen has been as pleasant as possible and hope to see you again here.


Triay, R. and Sivertsen, M. (Eds.) 2008. The Osprey in Spain. Population in 2008 and method

census. SEO / BirdLife. Madrid.

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